A multicenter study has been conducted by our institution with European collaborators, where biopsies directed by AFI were processed for a large panel of molecular biomarkers and the outcome of the biomarker analysis was compared with that of the Seattle protocol.
A meta-analysis by researchers at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia shows that those infected with the human papillomavirus HPV have a threefold higher risk of developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma SCCcompared with those who are not infected with the virus.
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The identification of patients at a higher risk of cancer therefore poses a clinical conundrum.
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International Agency for Research on Cancer; Screening should be discontinued once a person has not smoked for 15 years or develops a health problem that substantially limits life expectancy or the ability or willingness to have curative lung surgery.